The Dragon's Blood is harvested from different tree families (Dracaena, Croton, Daemonorops, Calamus, Rohtang, and Pterocarpus), but the true quality is obtained from the Dracaena tree family. The highest quality Dragon's Blood in the world comes from the Dracaena Cinnabari trees that grow only on the island of Socotra (Yemen) in the Arabian Sea. Trees are very special in appearance and grow in the most severe arid conditions. Leaves are renewed every 3 - 4 years. Because of the high solubility and deep dark red color it has been named "Dragon's Blood" millenniums ago. From the earliest times up to today, it has been used as incense, a strong antiseptic medicine, for dyeing of all kinds of fabrics and as the finest natural dark redwood varnish.
The early records of the Dragon's Blood derive from ancient Greece, Egypt, Babylon, India, China, and the Roman Empire (Periplus, 1st Century). The records also mention the island of Socotra as the source of the highest quality resin and were one of the highest valued resins of the old world. Socotra is a very special island on which the oldest Arab tribes live unchanged for thousands of years. On the island, there are also the highest quality species of Boswellia trees. The locals use the Dragon's Blood as a sort of cure-all. It is used locally for disinfecting and healing all types of wounds, a general wound healing, a coagulant, for the prevention of pregnancy, curing diarrhea, lowering fevers, dysentery diseases, taken internally for ulcers in the mouth, throat, intestines, and stomach, as well as an antiviral for respiratory viruses, stomach viruses and for skin disorders such as eczema - atopic dermatitis. Socotrans use it also ornamentally as well as dying wool, gluing pottery, a breath freshener, and lipstick.
In India, it has been used in various rituals for millennia, in ancient China, it has mostly been used as a varnish for wood in palaces. Dragon's blood is also listed in a 16th-century text, (Stahel und Eyssen), as an ingredient in a quenching bath for tempering steel. From 18th-century till today it is used as the best natural source of varnish for Italian violin-makers. Today, it is mostly used for photoengraving, as incense and as a healing oil for the skin. Because of the belief that it is the blood of the dragon it is also used in ritual magic and alchemy.
Today, low-quality Dragon's Blood is mostly used in pharmaceuticals. According to some studies, it is supposed to improve the chemical and biological interactions between cells, thereby helping to greatly assist in the regeneration of the epidermis, and creating a kind of collagen filler. It prevents loss of moisture from the skin, protects against free radicals, improves texture and skin tone, and at the same time mitigates the harmful effects of UVB rays. Research has shown that Dragon's blood is rich in proanthocyanidins, tannins (highly effective against viruses, bacteria, and parasites), alkaloids, and lignans (anticarcinogen).